The End-of-Life Vehicles (ELV) Directive in a Nutshell

The ELV Directive 2000/53/EC on end-of-Life vehicles is a European Union regulation that aims at improving the dismantling and recycling of vehicles by reducing its impact on the environment.

As a result, one target of the ELV directive directly applies to manufacturers and importers of vehicles. It is to prevent the use of toxic substances from the design stage. Therefore, the ELV Directive aspires to limit hazardous waste from vehicles placed into the European Union.

Toward this goal, the European Commission has published an ELV Guidance document with an insightful FAQ section.

ELV End of Life Vehicle

The ELV Scope

ELV covers the following vehicles placed into the EU market, including all of their components and materials: 

ELV Compliance Scope
  • Vehicles used for the carriage of passengers and comprising no more than eight seats in addition to the driver’s seat (Category M1);
  • Vehicles used for the carriage of goods and having a maximum weight not exceeding 3.75 metric tons (Category N1); and
  • Most three-wheel motor vehicles except motor tricycles.

Similarities between RoHS and ELV and how to Comply

The ELV Directive is very similar in its functioning to the Europe RoHS one (RoHS 1 per Directive 2002/95/EC):

  • The same four heavy metals are restricted: cadmium, hexavalent chromium, lead, and mercury. However, ELV does not regulate other substances like the RoHS phthalates (BBP, DBP, DEHP, and DIBP) or brominated compounds (PBBs and PBDEs).
  • The threshold limits apply at the homogeneous material level, per Annex II of Directive 2000/53/EC. Similarly to RoHS, the general thresholds are 0.1 % for every restricted substance, except cadmium, which is ten times lower, at 0.01% or 100 ppm.
  • Moreover, specific exemptions may apply and must appear in the product’s technical file. Some ELV exemptions are identical to the EU RoHS ones, like copper alloys containing up to 4 % lead by weight. If used, several exemptions require explicit labels.
ELV Used Cars

Because of these similarities, Enviropass follows the same conformity assessment approach for both RoHS and ELV.

Want to know more about ELV and how Enviropass can assist you with certificates of compliance?

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